Tag Archives: Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine

Singapore scientists grow mini human brains

Singapore: Scientists in Singapore have made a big leap on research on the ‘mini-brain’. These advanced mini versions of the human midbrain will help researchers develop treatments and conduct other studies into Parkinson’s Disease (PD) and ageing-related brain diseases.

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Bipolar disorder drug for adults also safe for kids

New York: Lithium, a drug used successfully for decades to treat adults with the bipolar disorder, can also be safe and effective for children suffering from the chronic brain condition marked by spontaneous, changing bouts of elation and depression, says a new study.

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Vaccine clears some precancerous cervical lesions in clinical trial

Washington: Scientists have used a genetically engineered vaccine to successfully eradicate high-grade precancerous cervical lesions in nearly one-half of women who received the vaccine in a clinical trial. The goal, say the scientists, was to find nonsurgical ways to treat precancerous lesions caused by HPV.

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Hand-held device picks up vital signs from a patient’s lips and fingertip

Washington: Engineers and physicians at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine have developed a hand-held, battery-powered device that quickly picks up vital signs from a patient’s lips and fingertip.

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Survey reveals best practices that lead to high patient ratings of hospital care

Washington: Based on responses to questionnaires and letters sent to CEOs and medical personnel from a nationwide sample of 53 hospitals, Johns Hopkins investigators have identified a handful of best practices they say are most likely to give patients a positive hospital experience, a sense of satisfaction and the feeling they come first.

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New way of preventing diabetes-linked blindness

New York (IANS): Blocking a second protein linked to blood vessel growth, along with one that is already well-known, could offer a new way to treat and prevent a blinding eye disease caused by diabetes, say researchers, one among them of Indian-origin.

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Paternal sperm may hold clues to autism

Washington: In a small study, Johns Hopkins researchers found that DNA from the sperm of men whose children had early signs of autism shows distinct patterns of regulatory tags that could contribute to the condition. A detailed report of their findings is published in the International Journal of Epidemiology.

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Diagnostic errors more common, costly and harmful than treatment mistakes

Washington: In reviewing 25 years of US malpractice claim payouts, Johns Hopkins researchers found that diagnostic errors — not surgical mistakes or medication overdoses — accounted for the largest fraction of claims, the most severe patient harm, and the highest total of penalty payouts. Diagnosis-related payments amounted to $38.8 billion between 1986 and 2010, they found.

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HIV drug efavirenz may cause memory declines

Washington: The way the body metabolizes a commonly prescribed anti-retroviral drug that is used long term by patients infected with HIV may contribute to cognitive impairment by damaging nerve cells, a Johns Hopkins research suggests.

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Advanced CT scans may be used to assess coronary blockages

Washington: An ultra-fast, 320-detector computed tomography (CT) scanner can accurately sort out which people with chest pain need — or don’t need — an invasive procedure such as cardiac angioplasty or bypass surgery to restore blood flow to the heart, according to an international study. Results of the study, which involved 381 patients at 16 hospitals in eight countries, were presented at the European Society of Cardiology Congress in Munich, Germany, on August 28.

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