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Opinion: Five Real Problems that the Indian Medical Community is Facing Today

1) Quackery: This is the biggest problem. To me, the term “medical community” means those qualified in modern medicine. All others are vaids, hakims, siddhas, homeopaths and naturopaths only. Quackery means practising modern medicine without being registered with the medical council. Neither the Indian Medical Association (IMA), nor the government is keen on abolishing quackery. The ordinary medical person finds it difficult to survive in an environment where he has to compete with a quack. When a doctor sets up his general practice, he suddenly finds that all his efforts and hard work and money in getting a medical degree have gone down the drain since the next door quack, including AYUSH quack, mints money without spending anything. All that money should have rightfully belonged to him. To compensate, and often to earn a minimal decent living, he has often to resort to illegal means, which certainly is to be condemned.

Dr M C Gupta
Dr M C Gupta

2) Lack of A Strong Association: There are a large number of illegalities and unjust laws forced upon the medical community which deserve to be challenged in the court with the hope of a favourable outcome. Such challenge has to come not from an individual but from their association. The IMA, the nationally recognised association with about 2.75 lakh members and 1700 branches, has utterly failed in its duty in this regard.

3) Grossly Deficient Budget Allocation for Health: India’s health budget is 1.3% of its GDP (gross domestic product). In contrast, it is 15-18% in advanced countries of the West. The government and the country expect Indian doctors to provide world-class treatment and attain world-class standards and perform world-class research in medicine with a budget that is almost the lowest internationally. Neither the IMA has ever demanded a hike in a strong manner, nor has the government woken up to this disparity on its own. The situation lingers on.

4) A Hostile Environment: Today, the poor doctors find themselves at the receiving end from all — the public, the politicians, the government, the parliament and, even, the judiciary. Assaults on doctors have become the order of the day. Even political hotheads from various parties are known to have indulged in mass violence against hospitals. This happened a few years ago in Maharashtra. Nobody is bothered. Doctors suffer in silence. All that they can do is to vow not to send their children to a medical college.

5) Hostile and Corrupt Medical Councils (at state and central level): These medical councils, rather than punishing quacks as per their own Acts, are more interested in punishing, often unjustly, their own members. The Medical Council of India (MCI) has been described by the Delhi High Court as a “den of corruption”. These councils often defeat the purpose for which they were established. The result is that the whole medical community suffers a bad name.

The author, Dr M C Gupta, is a New Delhi based Medico-Legal expert. He holds an MD (Medicine) from All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), an LLB from Delhi University and LLM from Kurukshetra University. He has served as a faculty member at AIIMS for 18 years and as professor and dean at the National Institute of Health and Family Welfare. Currently, Dr Gupta is a practising advocate with health and medical law as the area of special interest. He is a member of the Supreme Court Bar Association and Indian Law Institute.


  1. dr caddy dr caddy Wednesday, June 19, 2019

    hieght of ignorancy and jealousy by including qualified Ayurveds and Homeopaths in the dictionary of ‘quacks’.
    contact me and we can meet over for a dinner date than lets talk about the different recognised system working as doctors in India. I will convince and make you ashame of yourself for thinking these way.. if not iam ready to resign from my job.

  2. Dr. Kailash ch. Sahoo Dr. Kailash ch. Sahoo Wednesday, February 10, 2016

    Sir, First of all I respect you as a senior doctor.
    Please, don’t comment AYUSH doctors as ‘Quacks’, because we have very much interest in our system of medicine & also doing so very happily & carefully.But we are forced by your ALLOPATHIC doctors, burocrats & policy makers to write allopathic medicines. We studied AYUSH system of medicine but how your doctors prescribing purely Ayurvedic medicines. Are they quacks for Ayurvedic system of medicine ? We admire you are curing many diseases, are you think our Homoeopathic medicines are fruitful. We cured many cases which are impossible to treat in your system of medicine at an affordable price.Most of your doctors doing private practice even during the medical duty hours, not willing to serve in rural areas, demanding high charges as fees(even doing a government job). Have you any answer to the above line?
    At last I’m hereby writing you as a doctor, respect ALLOPATHIC & also AYUSH system of medicines, all are in the service of mankind.

  3. Usha Usha Wednesday, February 10, 2016

    It is really very strange to know that the MBBS physicians are feeling insecurity from the AYUSH physicians. And so they are addressed as `Quacks’.but the MBBS doctors should never forget that the so-called quacks are their students to whom they have once taught Surgery, Anatomy, O/G in their colleges. A teacher should be proud of his student’s success and should never be jealous on his prosperity.
    The AYUSH doctors have made the health service the most affordable and accessible for all .They have touched the unreachable areas where a doctor was a dream ,few years back.
    They are prescribing the modern medicines in some unavoidable circumstances, to combat the absence of a MBBS doctor. But in most of the cases they are forced to do so , so that the MBBS doctors can make illegal money by private practices during medical hours in private nursing homes and clinics….. And these people are addressed as `Quacks’.
    …Shame in the creator!
    No one can deny the fact that most of the MBBS are prescribing the Ayurvedic preparatory medicines in number of cases and their Pharmaceutical companies also have started preparing such medicines plentyly.Then what is the proper definition of Quack?
    Rather the MBBS physicians should take a look towards their real competitor ,the Pharmacists, who address themselves as the `Masters of medicines’ and make the back bite on absence of them.
    ….Shame on the thinkings!
    This is the cause why we Indians are not developing.

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