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IMR, MMR, TFR show accelerated decline post launch of NRHM

New Delhi: Although goal of IMR, MMR and TFR were not achieved, the Infant Mortality Rate (IMR), Maternal Mortality Ratio (MMR) and Total Fertility Rate (TFR) have shown accelerated decline post launch of the National Rural Health Mission (NRHM), Health Minister J P Nadda said in a written reply in the Lok Sabha on Thursday.

The percentage annual compound rate of decline in IMR during 2005-2013 rose to 4.5% from 2.1% observed during 1990-2005. The percentage annual compound rate of decline in MMR during 2005 to 2011 accelerated to 5.8% from 5.1% observed during 1990 to 2005. The percentage annual compound rate of decline in TFR during 2005-2012 has risen to 2.7% from 1.8% observed during 1990-2005.

The achievements on many key indicators have not been as per the goals mainly on account of inadequate funding and governance challenges in certain states, the health minister said.

The key goals of the National Rural Health Mission (NRHM) at the time of its launch and achievements are as below:

Key Goals

Achievements

Reduce Infant Mortality Rate (IMR) to 30/1000 live births by 2012 The IMR for the country  is 42/1000 live births as per SRS 2012
Reduce Maternal Mortality Ratio (MMR) to 100/100000 live births by 2012 The MMR for the country is 178/100000 live births as per SRS 2010-2012
Reduce TFR to 2.1 by 2012 The TFR for the country is   2.4 as per SRS 2012
Bring down Malaria Mortality Rate by 50% upto 2010 and additional 10% by 2012 The achievement is 46%.
Tuberculosis – maintain 85% cure rate through the entire Mission period and also sustain planned detection rate The treatment success rate which is a sum of Cured and Treatment completed is 88%.
Engage 4,00,000 female Accredited Social Health Activist (ASHAs) 8.66  lakhs ASHAs were  engaged as on 31 March, 2012

 

Update

 Indicator  Value Source (Year)
Neonatal Mortality Rate

29

SRS (2012)
Infant Mortality Rate

40

SRS (2013)
Under  five Mortality Rate

52

SRS(2012)
 Fully Immunized (%)  Children aged 12-23 months

53.5

DLHS – 3 (2007-08)
 % of  Children aged under 3 years whose mother started breastfeeding within one hour of birth

40.5

DLHS – 3 (2007-08)
 % of Children Under  age 5 years  classified as  Underweight

42.5

NFHS -3 (2005-06)

 

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