New Delhi: Although goal of IMR, MMR and TFR were not achieved, the Infant Mortality Rate (IMR), Maternal Mortality Ratio (MMR) and Total Fertility Rate (TFR) have shown accelerated decline post launch of the National Rural Health Mission (NRHM), Health Minister J P Nadda said in a written reply in the Lok Sabha on Thursday.
The percentage annual compound rate of decline in IMR during 2005-2013 rose to 4.5% from 2.1% observed during 1990-2005. The percentage annual compound rate of decline in MMR during 2005 to 2011 accelerated to 5.8% from 5.1% observed during 1990 to 2005. The percentage annual compound rate of decline in TFR during 2005-2012 has risen to 2.7% from 1.8% observed during 1990-2005.
The achievements on many key indicators have not been as per the goals mainly on account of inadequate funding and governance challenges in certain states, the health minister said.
The key goals of the National Rural Health Mission (NRHM) at the time of its launch and achievements are as below:
|Reduce Infant Mortality Rate (IMR) to 30/1000 live births by 2012||The IMR for the country is 42/1000 live births as per SRS 2012|
|Reduce Maternal Mortality Ratio (MMR) to 100/100000 live births by 2012||The MMR for the country is 178/100000 live births as per SRS 2010-2012|
|Reduce TFR to 2.1 by 2012||The TFR for the country is 2.4 as per SRS 2012|
|Bring down Malaria Mortality Rate by 50% upto 2010 and additional 10% by 2012||The achievement is 46%.|
|Tuberculosis – maintain 85% cure rate through the entire Mission period and also sustain planned detection rate||The treatment success rate which is a sum of Cured and Treatment completed is 88%.|
|Engage 4,00,000 female Accredited Social Health Activist (ASHAs)||8.66 lakhs ASHAs were engaged as on 31 March, 2012|
|Neonatal Mortality Rate||
|Infant Mortality Rate||
|Under five Mortality Rate||
|Fully Immunized (%) Children aged 12-23 months||
|DLHS – 3 (2007-08)|
|% of Children aged under 3 years whose mother started breastfeeding within one hour of birth||
|DLHS – 3 (2007-08)|
|% of Children Under age 5 years classified as Underweight||
|NFHS -3 (2005-06)