NEWS Policy

Medicos demand ‘Institution of Excellence’ status for AIIMS, PGI

Thursday, January 23, 2014

Chandigarh: Medicos Legal Action Group (MLAG) has sought the status of ‘Institution of Excellence’ for the Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER), Chandigarh and the All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), New Delhi as defined under Section 4(b) of the Central Educational Institutions (Reservation in Admission) Act, 2006.

Dr Neeraj Nagpal

“The list of 17 institutions included in the Schedule of this Act, which are labelled ‘Institutions of Excellence’ and hence exempt from reservations is incomplete without inclusions of premier medical institutions like AIIMS and PGI,” said Dr Neeraj Nagpal, convenor, Medicos Legal Action Group, Chandigarh.

North-Eastern Indira Gandhi Regional Institute of Health and Medical Science, Shillong and Tata Memorial Centre, Mumbai are the only medical institutions in the current list.

According to Dr Nagpal, “India is dependent on research done in foreign countries for development in medical sciences and PGIMER and AIIMS are both internationally at the cutting edge of research. These two institutions provide faculty in clinical super specialties and basic research to the country and merit should be the only criteria for selection in these institutes.”

“We request the government to exclude PGIMER and AIIMS New Delhi — Sanjay Gandhi Post Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences (SGPGI), Lucknow and Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research (JIPMER), Puducherry may also be considered — from Section 3 of the Central Educational Institutions (Reservation in Admission) Act by declaring these as Institutes of Excellence and National Importance,” he said.

Dr Nagpal further said, “Awarding well-deserved status of ‘Institutes of Excellence and National Importance’ will exclude these institutions from reservations based on caste in admission to speciality and superspeciality courses and automatically for faculty positions too.”

“Reservations lead to frustration among faculty because of blocked avenues for advancement and promotes brain drain from these premier institutes to private corporate hospitals and to foreign countries,” he claimed.

The genesis of the controversy can be traced back to 1992 when in the case of Indra Sawhney vs Union of India reservations in speciality and superspeciality courses was disallowed. In para 838 of the judgment, the nine-judge bench observed that there are certain services and positions where because of the nature of duties merit alone counts. In such situations it may not be advisable to provide for reservations. For example, technical posts in research and development organizations/departments/institutions, in specialities and super-specialities in medicine, engineering and other such courses in physical sciences and mathematics, in defence services and in establishments connected therewith. Similarly, in the case of posts at the higher echelons, e.g., Professors (in education), Pilots in Indian Airlines and Air India, scientists and technicians in nuclear and space application, provision for reservation would not be advisable. In para 836 the bench said that the idea of reservation implies selection of a less meritorious person.

In 2006 the Central Educational Institutions (Reservation in Admission) Act was passed whereby as per section 4 (b), reservation to be provided in admission would not be applicable in Institutions of Excellence and Institutes of National Importance. A list of 17 such Institutions (including two medical institutions) was appended in Schedule of this Act. Section 4 (d) of the Act also excluded reservation in a course or programme at a high level of specialization including at the post-doctoral level within any branch of study or faculty.

In July 2013, in the case of Faculty Association of AIIMS vs Union of India a five-judge bench of the Supreme Court ruled that the very concept of reservation implies mediocrity. The Union Government appealed against this judgment and in the review petition a five-judge bench in January 2014 threw the ball back into the Central Government’s court saying that the Government was free to amend the constitution to provide reservation in faculty for superspeciality and that the previous judgment did not place any restriction on the Government to decide whether or not there should be reservation in superspeciality posts.

“The Government wants caste based reservation in these (AIIMS) faculty posts and without the Supreme Court’s objection is sure to introduce the same for political reasons,” Dr Nagpal said in a statement.

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2 Comments »

Comment by dr satyavadi
2014-02-05 01:40:20

AIIMS and PGI receive maximum budget for health among all government run medical college and hospital. In the name of research, all kind of fraud and theraputic misconduct is allowed. The list of retracted publications from AIIMS & PGI is below.

Being autonomous, the selection process for faculty is always under doubt and most of the times an insider is selected above all candidates as if the best brains are produced only in these institutes.

Also the faculty are paid salary higher than other universities for no reason, which is a clear discrimination. There have been many news of financial irregularity, patients being looted by hospital staffs and touts, examination scams etc.

So instead of spending more on these institutes, govt should strengthen the new AIIMS and other existing medical colleges to decrease burden on AIIMS, PGI and other big hospitals. Research is possible at all medical colleges if they receive proper funds for that….why only AIIMS & PGI?

About research, a strict monitoring agency should first be made to stop fraudulent research. The rat race to publish fraud articles should be taken strongly. AIIMS and PGI are the front runners in such fraud. Time for introspection.

Here is a list of research articles from AIIMS & PGI retracted from indexed journals because of scientific fraud. These are tip of the icebergs. Just think how many will be there at benifit of doubt.

1. Indian J Gastroenterol. 1990 Oct;9(4):277-9. Thoracic stomach: comparative evaluation of endoscopy, gastric aspirate analysis and hepatobiliary scintigraphy in the diagnosis of duodeno-gastric reflux. Padhy AK, Losu V, Shukla NK, Chattopadhyaya TK, Tandon RK, Gupta K, Gopinath PG. Department of Nuclear Medicine, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi. Retraction in Indian J Gastroenterol. 1993 Jul;12(3):94.
2. Ann Card Anaesth. 2000 Jan;3(1):28-31. A comparison of esmolol and diltiazem for heart rate control during coronary revascularisation on beating heart. Chauhan S, Saxena N, Rao BH, Singh RS, Bhan A. Author information Department of Cardiac anaesthesia and Cardiac Surgery Cardiothoracic Centre, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India. sancha@medinst.ernet.in. Retraction in Ann Card Anaesth. 2012 Oct-Dec;15(4):322.
3. Anesth Analg. 2008 Oct;107(4):1390-2. doi: 10.1213/ane.0b013e31817f6d2e. Ultrasonography reinvents the originally described technique for ganglion impar neurolysis in perianal cancer pain. Gupta D, Jain R, Mishra S, Kumar S, Thulkar S, Bhatnagar S. Author information Department of Anesthesiology, Room No-242, Institute Rotary Cancer Hospital, DR. BRA-IRCH, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Ansari Nagar, New Delhi 110029, India. Retraction in Bhatnagar S. Anesth Analg. 2010 Dec;111(6):1560.
4. J Vector Borne Dis. 2008 Dec;45(4):255-72. Insect vectors of Leishmania: distribution, physiology and their control. Sharma U, Singh S. Author information Division of Clinical Microbiology, Department of Laboratory Medicine, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India. Retraction in J Vector Borne Dis. 2012 Mar;49(1):54.
5. Brain Res Rev. 2010 Oct 5;65(1):1-13. doi: 10.1016/j.brainresrev.2010.04.010. Epub 2010 May 10. Mechanism(s) of deep brain stimulation and insights into cognitive outcomes in Parkinson’s disease. Naskar S, Sood SK, Goyal V, Dhara M. Author information Department of Physiology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi-29, India. Retraction in Brain Res. 2011 Oct 24;1419:117.
6. Rev Med Virol. 2008 Dec 16;19(3). [Epub ahead of print]Retracted: Genetic diversity in hepatitis C virus (HCV): A brief review. Irshad M. Author information Clinical Biochemistry Division, Department of Laboratory Medicine, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi-110029, India.
7. Hip Int. 2011 Sep-Oct;21(5):531-6. doi: 10.5301/HIP.2011.8657. Outcome of short proximal femoral nail antirotation and dynamic hip screw for fixation of unstable trochanteric fractures. A randomised prospective comparative trial. Garg B, Marimuthu K, Kumar V, Malhotra R, Kotwal PP. Author information Department of Orthopaedics, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India. Retraction in Spencer RF. Hip Int. 2012 Jul-Aug;22(4):487.
8. N Engl J Med. 2011 Dec 15;365(24):2277-86. doi: 10.1056/NEJMoa1103944. CPAP for the metabolic syndrome in patients with obstructive sleep apnea. Sharma SK, Agrawal S, Damodaran D, Sreenivas V, Kadhiravan T, Lakshmy R, Jagia P, Kumar A. Author information Department of Medicine, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India. sksharma.aiims@gmail.com. Retraction in Sharma SK, Agrawal S, Damodaran D, Sreenivas V, Kadhiravan T, Lakshmy R, Jagia P, Kumar A. N Engl J Med. 2013 Oct 31;369(18):1770.
9. Radiat Prot Dosimetry. 2012 Oct;151(4):645-51. Epub 2012 Aug 21. Radiation accident at Mayapuri scrap market, Delhi, 2010. Dey AB, Mohanan S, Damodaran D, Soneja M, Jain N, Mohan A, Vikram NK, Sood R. Author information Department of Medicine, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi 110029, India. Retraction in Radiat Prot Dosimetry. 2012 Dec;152(4):481.
10. Pharmacol Biochem Behav. 2009 Mar;92(1):173-81. doi: 10.1016/j.pbb.2008.11.010. Epub 2008 Dec 3. An acetylcholinesterase-independent mechanism for neurobehavioral impairments after chronic low level exposure to dichlorvos in rats. Verma SK, Kumar V, Gill KD. Author information Department of Biochemistry, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India. Retraction in Pharmacol Biochem Behav. 2010 Jul;96(1):114.
11. Jpn J Med Sci Biol. 1990 Dec;43(6):209-17. Evaluation of ELISA for detection of Giardia lamblia-specific copro-antigen employing monospecific antibodies. Dutt P, Vinayak VK. Author information Department of Experimental Medicine, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India. Retraction in Jpn J Med Sci Biol. 1992 Jun;45(3):163.
12. Trends Mol Med. 2005 Jun 15. [Epub ahead of print] RETRACTED: Molecular basis of AMD: current concepts and recent advances. Anand A, Prabhakar S, Ambeti J. Author information Department of Neurology, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh 160012, India.

 
Comment by Dr Shivanand
2014-02-07 09:31:37

I agree there are some unwanted things happening in these Institutes. But dont require so much strong words. If a village woman falls many times nobody cares, if Miss World slips and falls it makes a headline.
In other medical colleges nothing is happening. Because they dont have better faculty, dont better patient care and not enough support to carry out research worth publication in International scientific journals.
Reservations should be removed from the medical field or phased out in those where existing.

 
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