Paediatrics
Reducing antibiotic duration does more harm than good for ear infections in young children

Reducing antibiotic duration does more harm than good for ear infections in young children

Pittsburgh (US): In a trial conducted at Children’s Hospital of Pittsburgh of the University of Pittsburgh Medical Centre (UPMC) and the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, researchers have demonstrated that when treating children between 9 and 23 months of age with antibiotics for ear infections, a shortened course has worse clinical outcomes without reducing the risk of antibiotic resistance or adverse events. more

Traditional skin tests used to predict allergies to antibiotics are useless, say researchers

Traditional skin tests used to predict allergies to antibiotics are useless, say researchers

Montreal (Canada): Skin tests traditionally used to predict allergies to amoxicillin, one of the most commonly prescribed antibiotics in more

Stronger measures needed to deter use of cough and cold medicine in young children

Stronger measures needed to deter use of cough and cold medicine in young children

Toronto: About 18 per cent of children still received cough and cold medications despite label warnings advising against their use in children under age six, a new study has found. more

Toxic chemical in lychee responsible for fatal brain sickness in children

Toxic chemical in lychee responsible for fatal brain sickness in children

New Delhi: A team of virologists led by Dr T Jacob John at the Christian Medical College (CMC), Vellore has found that a toxic chemical — Methylene cyclopropyl-glycine (MCPG) — in lychee fruit is responsible for outbreaks of a fatal brain sickness in children in Bihar. The findings are published in Current Science. more

Psychotherapy for gut disease has long-term benefits

Psychotherapy for gut disease has long-term benefits

New York: While doctors have known for some time that psychological therapy can reduce the symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome — a gastrointestinal disorder — in the short term, a new study has found that the benefits can extend up to one year after the completion of the therapy. more

When 3D printing saved a newborn’s life

When 3D printing saved a newborn’s life

New York: A 3D printing model of the head of a foetus recently helped doctors save the life of a newborn who had developed a life threatening complication at University of Michigan’s C S Mott Children’s Hospital in the US. more

When should paediatric residents consult their supervisors on issues that come up after hours?

When should paediatric residents consult their supervisors on issues that come up after hours?

Washington: In most teaching hospitals, after-hours patient responsibility is covered by resident physicians, who are always able to call a supervising senior physician for advice on handling situations that may come up. But which situations require immediate consultation and which can wait until the next day can sometimes be unclear. more

Antibiotic exposure could increase juvenile arthritis risk

Antibiotic exposure could increase juvenile arthritis risk

Washington: Taking antibiotics may increase the risk that a child will develop juvenile arthritis, according to a study from Rutgers University, University of Pennsylvania and Nemours A I DuPont Hospital for Children published in Paediatrics. more

Software reads kids’ expression to measure pain levels

Software reads kids’ expression to measure pain levels

New York (IANS): Assessing the exact pain levels of child patients could now be a lot easier with researchers having found a new method to better measure their pain levels by using a novel facial pattern recognition software. more

Arm girth more reliable indicator of malnutrition

Arm girth more reliable indicator of malnutrition

New York (IANS): Measuring the circumference of the arm of children can lead to better diagnosis of malnutrition than weight-based measurements, says a study. more