Nephrology
Heart fat predicts risk of death in kidney disease patients

Heart fat predicts risk of death in kidney disease patients

Toronto: International cardiac research led by a University of Alberta medical scientist shows fat deposits around the heart — which can be spotted through simple CT scans — can help predict the risk of death in patients with chronic kidney disease. But the test isn’t common clinical practice in Western Canada, says lead researcher Paolo Raggi. more

Nearly a third of antibiotic prescriptions for dialysis patients inappropriate

Nearly a third of antibiotic prescriptions for dialysis patients inappropriate

Washington: Patients who receive haemodialysis are at a significant risk of developing infections, a leading cause of hospitalization and death in this patient population. A new study highlights the need to improve antibiotic use in outpatient dialysis facilities as data shows nearly a third of antibiotic prescriptions are deemed inappropriate. The study is published in Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology, the journal of the Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America. more

Scientists create unlimited source of human kidney cells

Scientists create unlimited source of human kidney cells

Singapore: Researchers at the Institute of Bioengineering and Nanotechnology (IBN) have generated human kidney cells from human embryonic stem cells in vitro. Specifically, they produced the renal cells under artificial conditions in the lab without using animals or organs. This has not been possible until now. The study is published in Kidney International. more

Online haemodiafiltration prolongs dialysis patients’ lives

Online haemodiafiltration prolongs dialysis patients’ lives

Washington: A technique that removes additional toxins during dialysis may prolong kidney failure patients’ lives, according to a clinical trial appearing in the Journal of the American Society Nephrology (JASN). In light of these results, the technique may become standard for dialysis patients. more

Irregular heartbeat elevates risk of kidney failure

Irregular heartbeat elevates risk of kidney failure

Washington: The risk of kidney failure is greater for people with chronic kidney disease who also have atrial fibrillation, one of the most common forms of irregular heart rhythm in adults, according to a new study by researchers at the University of California, San Francisco (UCSF) and the Kaiser Permanente Northern California Division of Research. more

Promising treatment for inherited form of kidney disease identified

Promising treatment for inherited form of kidney disease identified

Washington: A drug therapy shows promise for treating an inherited form of kidney disease called autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD), Mayo Clinic researchers say. more

Chronic kidney disease increases risk of death at all ages

Chronic kidney disease increases risk of death at all ages

Washington: A new study from the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health and the Chronic Kidney Disease Prognosis Consortium has found that chronic kidney disease and its complications are associated with a higher risk of death regardless of age. The findings are published in the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA). more

Kidney stenting lowers blood pressure in patients with severe hypertension

Kidney stenting lowers blood pressure in patients with severe hypertension

Washington: Patients with uncontrolled renovascular hypertension saw a significant improvement in their blood pressure with renal artery stent deployment. The multicentre HERCULES trial, evaluating the safety and effectiveness of the RX Herculink Elite Stent, found that patients with higher blood pressure levels at baseline had the most dramatic reduction in blood pressure following intervention. Trial details appear in Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions, a journal published by Wiley on behalf of the Society for Cardiovascular Angiography and Interventions (SCAI). more

Scientists identify mechanisms in kidney disease that trigger heart attacks and strokes

Scientists identify mechanisms in kidney disease that trigger heart attacks and strokes

London: The University of Bristol researchers have identified the underlying mechanisms in kidney disease that can contribute to an increased risk of cardiovascular disease. more

New insights into salt transport in the kidney

New insights into salt transport in the kidney

Berlin: Sodium chloride, better known as salt, is vital for the organism, and the kidneys play a crucial role in the regulation of sodium balance. However, the underlying mechanisms of sodium balance are not yet completely understood. Researchers of the Max Delbruck Centre for Molecular Medicine (MDC), Charite – Universitatsmedizin Berlin and the University of Kiel have now deciphered the function of a gene in the kidney and have thus gained new insights into this complex regulation process. more